Cultural diversity is the first thing most people think about when they hear about diversity in a sociological context. This may be due to the fact that cultural diversity is getting a lot of attention from the media in the recent years, usually in connection with globalisation and social integration. However, there are ALSO other differences and variances that make our planet more interesting, exciting and fulfilling place to live including:
Religion/faith. There are more than 4,000 religions being followed around the world. Many, however, are at risk of being replaced by one of the five major religions which include Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism and Chinese folk religion. Together, they account for approximately 80% of the world’s religious population.
Political convictions/philosophy. The same form of government doesn’t work for all countries/cultures. Nor do we all agree on how certain goals can be achieved and which political party/programme will achieve the best results. Yes, there is a diversity of political convictions and interests. But that is a good thing because if there would be so many different political convictions/philosophies and freedom to express them openly, it would mean that we are living in a dictatorship.
Gender. Women account for one half of the world’s population. Despite that, they are still underrepresented and excluded from many fields and positions, especially those that bring power and influence. On the one hand, there is still a widespread conviction that they don’t have the same intellectual capacity as men and on the other hand, they are expected to first and foremost to be mothers and wives.
Sexual orientation. Sexual attraction to the same sex or both sexes is not a disease. Nor it is a choice. And what is even more important, it doesn’t pose any threat to the society, morality or traditional values. LGBT individuals are an integral part of the society and they have made many important contributions in just about every field including culture, arts, science, engineering, politics, etc.
Socioeconomic background. Just because someone has a low socioeconomic background that doesn’t necessarily mean they are less capable and competent. On the contrary, many of the most successful people in the world have very humble origins.
Physical disabilities/mental disorders. Accident, illness or injury can cause permanent disability which, however, doesn’t mean that the person can no longer actively contribute to the society and its advancement. The same counts for people who are suffering from metal disorders.